by Peter Rachow (DK7IH) => Zur deutschen Version dieses Artikels
Notice:I have fully redesigned this transceiver, please click here!
I have really been satisfied with my last QRP SSB rig. It performs very fine. But I wanted a transceiver still a little bit smaller. And it should be easier to set up the rig if you are outside to make quick QSOs. This and the fact that I came across a larger bunch of 9.832 MHz crystals which I thought could be an ideal basis for a ladder filter made me plan an even more compact rig for 20 m compared to the last one. Particularly for portable operation on holiday or when I am outdoor with my bicycle or hiking, I wanted a self-containing transceiver with on-board battery. So here it is…
- Monoband SSB-Transceiver for 20 Meters/14 MHz.
- Output: 4 to 5 Watts PEP
- Frequency generation: DDS with AD9835 and ATMega8, LCD 2×8 Characters.
- Transmitter: SSB Modulator for USB or LSB: NE602/SA612, 4-Pole-Ladder-Filter, TX-Mixer, NE602/SA612, Power amplifer: 3 stages, push-pull-final with 2 x 2SC2078.
- Receiver: Singe conversion superhet, RF preamp with Dual-Gate MOSFET, RX-Mixer with NE602/SA612, 4-Pole-Ladder-Filter, Passive product detector, AF preamp, AF final amp with LM386. (See improved AGC circuit here!)
- Built-in battery pack, also connectable to external power supply, 10-LED-bargraph-display for S and RF strength readout.
The size is about that of those older CB handhelds from the late 70s. It is abt. 18 cm long, 7 cm wide and 4.5 cm high. But don’ ask me for weight. 😉
The transceiver has, as mentioned before, a power output of 4 to 5 watts rf pep which I found sufficient for making contacts worldwide. Transmit power mainly depends on the respective power supply you use. The radio can be run either on an integrated 12 V dc rechargeable battery (1Ah, composed of 10 AAA cells) or by connecting an external dc power supply of up to 14 volts. A three-position switch allows the user to select either internal or external power supply or completely switch the rig off.
Thus the little radio is very versatile for all kinds of portable operation. The antenna is connected via a standard bnc connector. I also designed a rod antenna that you can use if there is no possibility to erect a larger aerial. I have to admit that having a qso with the small handheld antenna ist a pretty ambitious. 😉 But in recent “The King of Spain”-Contest I could work with the rod antenna from a high place over a dozen stations.
With my delta loop the rig is absolutely amazing. During the recent weeks I worked (among others) the following prefixes:
SM, EA, F, 9A, 4X, LZ, I, SV9, J79, J49, JW9, S56, CY0, P40, G, YO, OH, W1, UA9, TA, PA, S57, GU, EK3, OX
And this all was done, except from the contact to P40FN, with 4 to 5 watts pep. Only for the QSO to Aruba I had to use the 60 watt linear amplifier. The pile-up was too hard. 😉
Basic design ideas:
To make the rig not too bulky I used a “sandwich construction” in an aluminium frame. The radio mainly consists of three layers:
- The RF and AF unit (mainboard)
- The battery-, AGC/Meter- and switching unit
- The display and push-button unit
The RF unit:
On board here you can find the DDS-VFO, the whole receiver and transmitter circuits (including power amp), SSB modulator and demodulator.
The battery and AGC/Meter and switching unit:
This board is equipped with a set of 10 rechargeable batteries (1.2 volts each), the relay for transmit/receive switching and the LED-S/RF-meter circuit (LM3915) plus the AGC device. Above this section there is another layer which keeps the 2×8 line LCD, the up/down control switches for tuning (there is no rotator tuning knob), a button for setting the tuning frequency step, selecting the VFO (4 VFOs and 2 split VFOs are software defined) etc. It is integrated in an extra housing mounted on top of the cabinet an connected via some cables. The controls are simple push-buttons. With one of these the microcontroller can be set into sleepmode to reduce the radio’s noise down to a minimum. The 1 inch loudspeaker is also mounted in here.
The circuitry itself is standard QRP design with the “usual suspects”. See the schematic to learn more:
The front panel looks like this:
Details are to be discussed in my next pageing on this blog. Thanks for watching! 73 de Peter (DK7IH)
(C) 2015 Peter Rachow
7 thoughts on “A compact handheld QRP SSB transceiver for 14 MHz”
Nice looking rig! You seem to be following a theme with your 20mtr QRP projects. I’m surprised that the NE612/602 is working for you in the front end, those parts overload so easily and make poor mixers where there is no narrow roofing filter ahead of them. Also wondering why the AGC isn’t applied to the MC1350 IF amp, it should control better than the mosfet.
The rig looks like a walkie talkie from the 60’s CB era. Really retro!
Yes, you’re absolutely right. The NE612 MUST have narrow bandfilter. That’s the reason why I have integrated a loosely coupled bandfilter to the RF preamp stage and a single tuned circuit between rf preamp an first mixer. So the receiver is very sensitive and has good a good noise figure. And no overdrive and spurious products are detectble.
The reason why I only applied AGC to the rf pream stage is limited space in the cabinet. I just could not integrate more circuitry.
73 de Peter (DK7IH)
I want to bulid it upon your steps but i am really poor in indicators and buln things making what you advise me to do
Another fantastic build Peter. I’ve made at least 3 receivers/transceivers with a SA612 in the receive mixer with no overload problems whatsoever, on full sized resonant dipoles. Minimum selectivity is a 2-pole tuned bandpass filter and no RF stage. I have one such rig with no other gain stage, BPF->SA612->crystal filter->SA612 prod detector, then a high gain audio strip. For 160 to 40m it is sensitive and sounds excellent. It never overloads! On 30m and above it is deaf, and needs more RF or IF gain. I am planning to add in a switchable RF stage.
I also like that you are prepared to duplicate the receive and transmit stages and IFs, a pragmatic trade-off first used by VK3XU’s Twin Crystal Filter rig in the 1990s. Parts are so cheap now, and keeping these signal paths separate significantly simplifies the design and build. In some of your designs you even duplicate the multi band BPF modules. You must love building!
Keep melting solder! VK3HN.